Wednesday 12 October 2022

Subhash Awchat holds a unique privilege within the context of contemporary art history less discussed and investigated.

 What happens when you search solitude within the construct of an artistic practice?  Subhash Awchat a painter and if we suppose a writer proposes reflections of the self in watercolours explaining solitude as a material visible construct.  I say if I suppose a writer because he wrote a column in a Marathi newspaper each week detailing the machinations of his mind as an artist.  We sit discussing his latest oeuvre of watercolours in a housing project for Maharashtrian writers.  He quickly slips into near history in a voice that holds emotions.  I am witnessing as an art writer what determines contemporaneity of culture in the city where I was born.  Our conversations have a context ,  I am Bihari -  though from privilege , cosmopolitan  and easily unrecognisable for my regional identity.  But since childhood  whenever I have to state where I came from in a city to which my grandfather migrated to and I was born – it  always raises stares , questions and stereotypes which I allay with my mother’s Maharashtrian heritage even though her family has been in Bihar since the 18th century ,  sometimes my neighbourhood in Bombay or the cosmopolitan nature of my family's marital decisions.  To interview a painter regarded as what young artists in art schools across Maharashtra identify as a painter,  an artist that made them  make a decisive career decision to pursue art and an artist that reached them in Yeotmal ,  Chandrapur,  Ichalkaranji and Islampur , for sure speaks of a privilege I now hold in this essay.  

Artist: Subhash Awchat

Why is that so ?  Why is Subhash Awchat prized as the artist of India's second largest state by the populace?  Why do I feel an inclusion within the popular idea of culture , with my host culture , as a writer of this essay a privilege.?  Subhash Awachat has designed 7000 jackets of books published in Marathi .  If you read in Marathi you have encountered his visual vocabulary.  You know his strokes ,  you know his palette and the way with which  he treats colour .  He is the artist of my people ,  the people I live among.  It doesn't surprise me that his column in a popular Marathi newspaper is well subscribed.  Marathi as a language has a rich repository of literature but the intrigue exists in the passion to translate books from other languages to Marathi and publish for eager readers. One  that sustains such publishing practices economically.  You can encounter  Gilles Deleuze   , Jose Saramago , Gertrude Stein and John Berger in Marathi.  Translations not intended at a market but the need to read and change a society aware of the significance of its  language holds as a catalyst of modernity .  Mahatma Jyotibha Phule through his writings proposed the idea of modernity much before similar deliberations in the occident and Dr. BR Ambedkar sought a constitutional architecture for equity in a nation riddled with caste. Both hailed from Maharashtra, a land conducive to intellectual change .     Art History in our art schools in  Maharashtra does let  students in Sangli know of the ' Oath of Horatii '  by Jacques Louis David  which hangs at the Louvre through efforts of this tradition of translation.  I recently witnessed a friend identify paintings at a distance at the Louvre even though my privilege of an English education  did not allow or inform .  

Subhash Awchat holds a unique privilege within the context of contemporary art history less discussed and investigated.  We stand at a time where our memories hold a past that does not critically examine the recent decades that precede us.  We are embarrassed of the fashion,   music and the movies that define a decade of great confusion.  The 1990s released India from the cloak of a stagnating economy loosely defined as socialism .  The 80s were a lost decade of turmoil , bureaucratic intrigue and a failing idea of India.  Artists like Subhash emerged at the end of an era of pessimism.  Subhash was designing  the jackets  and typesetting the  publications of the Dalit Panthers and in his art making the ' Hamal' or the porter his muse.  He opened his show romanticising the image of the subaltern man ,  it was beautiful , it was decorative . Why so?  Bal Thackeray, a cartoonist and the son of a Marathi playwright, became the voice of the pushback of marginalisation of a people ignored by a cosmopolitan culture Naipaul described as a mimicry of colonial tropes.  Vijay Tendulkar in his plays had been discussing gender and political violence and thus  became the conscience of the cultural elite who were engrossed in opposing  ideologies as well the tumultuous 1990s where we suffered bouts of communal violence and division.  We were in an immense flux culturally , politically and economically.  India had liberalised ,  we had cable tv , we had just got to know the internet .  Modernism was representative of the old order.   I had just drunk my first Coca Cola and we could buy Japanese cars with air-conditioning.  The upper middle class found jobs in foreign corporations that were  selling us material goods and dreams of participation in a global world order.  Awchat emerges as an artist at this moment.  

His stories are intimate; they revolve around  his deep intimacies with Marathi writers,  Bal Thackeray's views on the Bombay School of Art ,  friendships he held with Narayan Shridhar Bendre and KK Hebbar.   The moments of success and journeys into the interior of Maharashtra with Sharad Pawar who would remember the names of a million or more constituents , eat in homes in villages only Pawar knew the way to  and directions that confused his security detail .  What it meant to be among the people.  He was the painter to the resurrection of a  people who were asserting their place in politics through the actions of Bal Thackeray and Sharad Pawar and  we became Mumbai from Bombay . 



Much of these happenings have been ignored by the society I come from. They inhabit a safe space of privilege called South Bombay.  But Awchat infiltrated their collections and circles .  He came from  the applied arts and was not a trained painter from the Sir JJ School of Art.  He was not restricted to a school or an aesthetic agenda that he had to play out in his works to prove his mettle as an artist.  Rather the act of being an artist enticed him.  A multifaceted technique and aesthetic defined his practice.  You see him work with landscapes portraits and abstracts - all of them have poetic titles.  



We now face an artist with age .  Loneliness is a facet of time.  The pandemic allowed us to face our interiority with great intimacy .  Awchat was left alone without access to his acrylics or his canvases.  A pad of watercolour paper was all that he had access to.  A pad gifted to his grandson and for colours he had basic watercolours that were fabricated here in India.  Tired of marathon calls and attempts to escape the quarantine he began painting watercolours for the first time.  These were landscapes he had sitting somewhere in his mind.  The Lebanese artist Etel Adnan wrote  poetry of deep detachment,  pain that is inherent in the nihilism of Levantine Politics.  Syria ,  Lebanon and Palestine are lands divided by religion , race and at times language to suit the interests of the great powers.  These conflicts have a deep impact on the lives of people who author poetry ,  art and cinema.   Her landscapes may seem childlike but they are intense witnesses of both nostalgia and happiness one imagines of the land to which they were born.  Watercolour is a medium that needs great dexterity.  The command on colour and form-forming is urgent when the brush touches the paper you need to draw with water  or  the images turn to smudges.  Awchat displayed much ability in handling colour and form.  He changed his palette.  


Illness in old age is always a transformation. In his later years   Henri Matisse used pre-painted gouache cut-outs to make formidable forms that we seem to remember him with today .  Physical disability allows an artistic mind to find forms that are relentless in their expression.  Subhash has spent time near a lake in Bhor on the Western Ghats of Maharashtra.  This plateau-esque terrain with valleys and a reservoir is stationary in time.  Watercolours from here capture Awchat's view of the Sky as blue.  He sees homes dwarfed under the horizon of the Sun.  His monk-like figures run under colourful buntings that have affinities of form with geometrical abstraction.  We realise how he uses space in his canvases; a particular work divided the paper into a palette of pastels .  He is not using ochre .  Brown is not to be seen .  Bright Yellows ,  Pinks and Light Blues fill spaces where he doesn't find forms.  A social person finally finds in the landscape a form to draw solitude.  


I have always wondered what and how artists will depict the pandemic.  We are far beyond the ugly forms of the bacteria that artists drew up during the pandemic .  For me it was a time of deep contemplation , seeking my faults and imagining myself who I would be  if I survived in times when I lost loved ones ,  those were bleak reminders of our mortality.  Subhash Awchat sought solitude ,  he wrote about his mind in newspapers at a time when he had no memory of his childhood.  He is presently reconstructing it through photos sent by friends and stories told to him by his sister.  But his present series of watercolours is a reflection of time,  its structure not measured by a watch but one that is witnessed when we fall humble in a magnificent landscape.  In French we would say ' aquarelles au fils du temps' or watercolours over the passage of time.  


Art & Soul Editorial


From: 13th October to 15th November 2022


AQUARELLES BY Renowned artist Subhash Awchat



Art & Soul

11, Madhuli, Shivsagar Estate

Worli, Mumbai – 40018

Contact: (022) 2496 5798/ 2493 0522 / 8080055450

Saturday 8 October 2022

Asish Kumar Das will be showcased in a solo art show at Jehangir Art Gallery

Recent work of a renowned sculptor from Baroda, Asish Kumar Das will be showcased in a solo art show at Jehangir Art Gallery, Gallery AC-2, M.G. Road, Kala Ghoda, Mumbai 400 001 from 11th to 17th Oct. 2022 between 11 am. To 7 pm.  

Artist: Asish Kumar Das

Baroda based 56 years old, Asish Kumar Das, is one of the outstanding sculptors working in India today especially in the domain of using human figures and animal imageries. Presently we are witnessing in our country the phenomena of projects like installations and such ventures which require collaboration of creative artists as well as technical persons or undertakings where deliberately assembled artists and traditional craftsmen just put together some hybrid patchwork. Amidst such an environment, Asish Das stands out as a multi faceted sculptor who has expertise in all aspects of the bronze casting processes which continues to be his medium for his fascinating, stimulating, captivating, mind arresting sculptures. His works are as much complicated in terms of bronze casting and finishing processes as much as they are intriguing in terms of conceptualization. For an artist with such in depth and subtle creative thinking, it is commendable to observe how he manages to sustain his creative impulses through the long complex technical procedures involved for its concretization or objectification.

Asish Das has intense empathy for the natural animal and human forms so that he does not take recourse to distortions, though he modifies the proportions as required to give them the anticipated elongation, slimness or slight attenuation at the body joints. Consequently his animal and human bodies are graceful with discrete modelling, we as viewers could call them ‘lyrical’ or   ‘sukumar’ , corresponding to the ‘Kaishiki Vritti ‘ of Sanskrit language. However they are also ‘serious’ or ‘solemn’, i.e. ‘Gambhir’ or possessing ‘ Audharya ‘ , dignity. Although apparently Asish Das portrays aspiring human beings engaged with daily existential activities in their lives in this world, yet he does not take recourse to oppressed or suffering imageries. The human figures, their faces, limbs, draperies are very patiently modelled in clay and subsequently “hollow casted” in bronze metal using, “the lost wax” process. This technique is often quite complicated when the sculptural form has additional details, such as projecting elements, which require separate channels for pouring hot molten metal during the casting stage.  Even when he portrays elegantly modelled animal forms, they too reflect the human aspirations theme, by transforming their faces into those of humans.

Actually the human aspirations as Asish’s thematic concern, are also implied in several sculptures in which the human figure is sometimes associated with a bird, thus a bird like form with long beak is attached around the waist of a man (see ‘The Royal Flight’).  Or the man is attempting to fly like a bird, thus he rises on his toes, giving an agile stance to the rising figure. A pair of small metal wings is attached to the shoulders (see ‘The Feminine Upthrust’ ). Alternatively a large pair of wings, shaped in wood planks is hinged with the bronze casted upper back, giving an impression of powerful wings (see ‘The Blissful Draught’ ) . Here we may also draw attention to Asish’s amazing sensitivity  of ‘detailing’ such as an exquisite small bird motif with spread out wings, which are delineated on the human torso and the limbs and given buffed polish, so that they shine like gold,  amidst the contrasting greenish colour of the patina. In the “ Vanquishing Thought – II”, the figure stands on the toe of left leg with raised right leg,  as if the figure is  already air-borne. The spread out arms have the gesture of releasing an arrow from the bow. A thin metal sheet covers part of the groin in the front and spreads behind the back as a foil. This metal sheet is perforated with cut outs of the same bird form in fine contours, creating a pleasant contrast with the glittering bird forms on the body. No doubt to render these motifs with finesse requires special skills, which the sculptor has inherited from the fact that he belongs to a family of jewellers. At the same time, this design motif of the soaring bird has a creative purpose which is metaphorical.

Asish’s ingenious command of the balance in his sculptural forms is marvellously arrived at in the manner the human body is placed horizontally in mid space supported by a spiral form in the circular centre of which is placed the three  dimensional earthly globe ( see “ Frolicking with Nature”).  Another unique example is that of a human figure in dynamic upside down position like that of an acrobat supporting the base or the earthly surface with thumbs of each hand. In this case also spiral form serves as the base ( see “ Bonded with Nature”, bronze and aluminium).

The human figure metaphorically transformed by adding some kind of drapery ( as part of a particular type of costume) along with some details attached to it, thus the associated accessories implying a certain expression or a type of specific character, has been explained by Asish himself, as an unconscious reflection of having seen in his childhood in a Bengal village, the folk actors impersonating a typical character wearing appropriate costume and facial make up, such as long hair and beard. The folk actors are called “ Bahurupi”, thus some of the sculptures comprising of nearly full size human form, are like a “ Bahurupi” impersonating a “ character”. ( see “ I Pave  My Destiny  - III”).

The combination of naturalism and simplicity with a certain eternal calmness of Asish’s sculptural works, also remind of similar qualities in the ancient Egyptian monumental sculptural forms. The easy flow of line along the contours of simplified abstracted volumes of the Sarnath Buddha images of the Gupta period ( 5th and 6th centuries) is a quality of India’s great classical sculptural style, that has apparently been unconsciously absorbed by Asish Das in his sculptural forms. His handling of delicate surface modelling of the human body along with the equipoise of the human form, links his sculptural forms with the early twentieth century Bengali sculptor, Fanendranath Bose, who had been commissioned more than half a dozen sculptures of Indian male and female workers by  the late Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad. Asish Das’s work, through the last three decades, has grown and matured consistently in a meaningful direction with surprising variations and creative innovations.

- by Ratan Parimoo


From: 11th to 17th October 2022

“The RHAPSODY 2022”

An Exhibition of Sculptures by Renowned sculptor Asish Kumar Das

VENUE:Jehangir Art Gallery

161-B,  M.G.  Road,

Kala Ghoda, Mumbai 400 001, Timing: 11am to 7pm